Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam—The President of India
In the Presidential election held on July 15, 2002, Dr. A.P.J. Kalam, a renowed scientist of the country, was elected with an overwhelming majority. The election of Dr. Kalam, the son of a poor boatman from Tamil Nadu, is a tribute not only to the sterling qualities of the man but also to the democratic process of the country. This ‘missile man’ of India, is a real visionary who rose to be Scientific Advisor to Prime Minister by sheer hard work and intelligence. He is a man with a vision.
On his election to the highest office in the country, Dr. Kalam said, “I am indeed delighted to have become President. I thank God, my parents and the great minds of India for having got me the status of First Citizen.” His message to the nation was: “We need a vision, a second Vision 2020, for the nation to get India transformed into a developed country in 20 years.”
Dr. Kalam was born at Dhanushkodi (Rameshwaram) in Tamil Nadu on October 15, 1931. After having received his education at Schwartz High School, he graduated from St. Joseph College, Tiruchirapalli. He obtained his degree in Aeronautical Engineering from Madras Institute of Technology, Madras in 1957. After receiving his training at the Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, Bangalore, he joined the Ministry of Defence as a Senior Scientific Assistant. He successfully designed and developed a vertical take- off and landing platform. He later joined the Space Research Organisation. He is known for introducing Fibre Reinforced Plastics (FRP). He soon became the project director for Satellite Launch Vehicle—3. His team succeeded in putting Rohini into orbit in July 1980. That brought him into lime light.
Kalam was honoured with Padma Bhushan in 1981. He was now assigned the charge of the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme, a big need of the Defence Services of the country. Under his guidance his team succeeded in developing and successfully testing Trishul(1985), Prithvi(1988), Agni(1989) and their more developed versions in the next few years. He was awarded the country’s highest civilian honour, the Bharat Ratna, in October 1998.
Kalam played a crucial role in the Pokharan atomic bomb blast in 1988 that placed India on the nuclear map of the world. As Scientific Adviser to the Prime Minister of India, he won the Life-time Contribution Award in Engineering on December 8, 2000 from the Chairman of the Planning Commission.
Dr. Kalam is a true patriot and a great citizen. He loves music and poetry. He is a versatile genius, a strict vegetarian and a teetotaler. A man full of energy, spirit and vision, he looks upon the children of India as harbingers of a new revolution that would change India into a modern developed nation during the next 20 years.
Well versed in the Bhagvad Gita as well as the holy Quran, he quotes richly from these great books and believes: ‘Religion is a way of making friends. It is the small men only who use it as a fighting tool.’ Truly secular to the core, he believes in the religion of Humanity and the brotherhood of nations. He wants his country to be strong, powerful and prosperous. May he live long to guide the destiny of this great country!”
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Short Essay on 'Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam' (264 Words)Short Essay on 'Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam' (264 Words)
Kalam passed the B.Sc. examination from Saint Joseph College, Thiruchirapalli. He joined Madras Institute of Technology (MIT). His further knowledge in the field got upgraded when he joined Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) in 1958 and Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) in 1963. He is known as the Missile Man of India. The various Indian Missiles of world order like Prithvi, Trishul, Akash, Agni, etc. are mainly the result of his efforts and caliber.
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam became the 11th President of India. He served the country from 2002 to 2007. For his excellence and brilliance, he was awarded the prestigious Bharat Ratna in 1998; Padma Vibhushan in 1990; and Padma Bhushan in 1981.
Dr Kalam expired on Monday 27 July 2015. He suddenly fell unconscious when he was delivering a lecture at the Indian Institute of Management at Shillong. On 30 July 2015, the former President was laid to rest at Rameswaram's Pei Karumbu Ground with full state honours. Over 350,000 people attended the last rites, including the Prime Minister, the governor of Tamil Nadu and the chief ministers of Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh.
Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was mainly interested in work. He was a bachelor. He was not interested in going abroad. He wanted to serve his motherland first. He said that he thinks his first and foremost duty is to serve his motherland. He was fond of music and the Koran and the Gita. Ever since becoming the head of the Indian State, he had been having interaction with children all over the country. He was by no means a miracle man. His advice to the youngster of the nation was to "dream dream and convert these into thoughts and later into actions".
[Updated on 01.08.2015]