Essay For Youth Violence In Memphis

Youth Violence Essay

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Youth Violence
     Ever since the terrible tragedy at Columbine High School, there has been a numerous list of recent school shootings in America. Youth violence is a major issue in today’s society. Many people dread what causes adolescents to be so violent, committing horrible crimes.     
     There are many wonders that go around about why young adolescents commit such violent crimes. These questions vary from why kids take guns to school, or how do we know if they are putting others in danger, what signs are there, what should be looked at, and what can be done to stop these acts of violence. I remember watching the MTV special “Warning Signs”; it explained…show more content…

(Chapter 16 factors of agression)
     Lifestyles also play an important part in youth violence. Growing up in a divorced family as well as the way your parents raised you are major aspects that effect youth today. When children go through a divorce they experience tremendous pain and go through a lot of changes in their life.(chapter 9 impact of divorce) They experience behavioral problems, and less academic achievements. Adolescents in this stage can also experience aggression toward their parents as well as their friends and other family members due to the divorce. Every parent had there own parenting styles of raising their kids, however, some ways can lead to corrupt behavior. There are the authoritative parents whose children tend to be moody, aggressive, and have poor communication skills. Then there are the permissive and authoritative parents who are generally caring and sensitive towards their children.(chapter 9 parenting styles) Studies have shown that if you grow up in a family that shows aggression towards one another, then it is more likely that you as a young adult will be aggressive as well. However in recent studies,

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In 2014, the city of Memphis ranked eleventh in violent crimes for major cities around the U.S.[1] In 2006, Memphis led the nation in number of violent crimes. In 2001, 2005, and 2007, Memphis ranked second most dangerous in the nation among cities with a population over 500,000. It also ranked as most dangerous in 2002.[2] There are approximately 182 gangs in Memphis, Tennessee with 8,400 gang members in the county.[3]

Crime dynamics[edit]

In 2004 violent crime in Memphis reached a record low for over a decade, that trend subsequently reversed. In 2005, Memphis was ranked the 4th most dangerous city with a population of 500,000 or higher in the U.S.[4] By 2006, Memphis held the top position of number of violent crimes in America.[2] Recent statistics show a downward trend in crime in Memphis. Between 2006 and 2008, the crime rate fell by 16%. The first half of 2009 saw a reduction in serious crime of over 10% from the previous year.


Crime in Memphis increased in 2005, and saw a dramatic rise in the first half of 2006. Nationally, cities follow similar trends, and crime numbers tend to be cyclical. Local experts and criminologists cite gang recruitment as one possible cause of the rise in crime in Memphis, and a reduction of 66% of federal funding to the Memphis Police Department. Between 2004 and 2008, the number of full-time officers in the Memphis Police Department fell by 23.2%.[5]

In the first half of 2006, robbery of businesses increased 52.5%, robbery of individuals increased 28.5%, and homicide increased 18% over the same period of 2005. The Memphis Police Department has responded with the initiation of Operation Blue C.R.U.S.H. (Crime Reduction Using Statistical History), which targets crime hotspots and repeat offenders.[6]

Memphis ended 2005 with 154 murders (431 in whole TN), and 2006 ended with 160. 2007 saw 164 murders (397 in whole TN).


Violent crimes dropped from 12,939 in 2008 to 12,047 the next year. Robbery dropped from 4,788 in 2008 to 4,137 in 2009. Aggravated assault dropped 53,870 in 2008 to 47,158 in 2009 (FBI's UCR).

The Memphis Police Department's use of the FBI National Incident Based Reporting System, which is a more detailed method of reporting crimes than what is used in many other major cities, has been cited as a reason for Memphis's frequent appearance on lists of most dangerous U.S. cities.[7]

According to the Tennessee Bureau of Investigations, violent crime in Memphis decreased by 6.4% in 2014. Non-violent crimes decreased by 16.3%. Both of these were a much greater decrease than Tennessee's statewide averages of 2.4% and 2.5%, respectively.[8]


Main article: Memphis Police Department

In 2008, the Memphis Police Department had 1,549 full-time sworn personnel (defined as those with general arrest powers).[9] In 2013, after several gang related robberies at Tom Lee Park, the Memphis Police Department said that "they often feel powerless to control these out-of-control teens."[10]

See also[edit]


  1. ^"The 25 Most Dangerous Cities In The USA". Cities Journal. Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  2. ^ ab"Morgan Quitno 2007 Crime Rankings". Archived from the original on January 5, 2008. Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  3. ^"Think Gangs Are Only In Memphis' Poorest Neighborhoods? Think Again". Retrieved Nov 2, 2011. 
  4. ^"Morgan Quitno 2006 Crime Rankings". Retrieved July 2, 2010. 
  5. ^U.S. Department of Justice, Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008, p.4
  6. ^Memphis ended 2008 with 167 murders, a slight increase from the 164 reported in 2007. Ashby, Andrew (April 7, 2006). "Operation Blue C.R.U.S.H. Advances at MPD". Memphis Daily News. 121 (76). Retrieved August 2, 2007. 
  7. ^Conley, Christopher (June 29, 2009). "Memphis a victim of crime reports". Commercial Appeal. Retrieved June 29, 2009. 
  8. ^Callahan, Jody. "TBI: Memphis has strong decline in crime rate". Retrieved 2015-04-27. 
  9. ^U.S. Department of Justice, Census of State and Local Law Enforcement Agencies, 2008, p.14
  10. ^Hall, Sabrina (April 23, 2013). "Police Say Teens Hard to Control In Mob Robberies". Retrieved 12 August 2013. 

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