Aqa A2 History Coursework Source Analysis Sample

Source questions are often the aspect of A-Level History that students find most difficult, but can also be one of the most exciting aspects of the course. Every source provides a window into the ideas, emotions, and thought processes of past human beings. Andrew covers the basics of writing about the information drawn from the source.

NB: Exam boards and schools

I have organised this post article around the general skills required in most A Level specifications. In each section, I have tried to indicate which criteria these skills help to fulfil on the mark schemes of different exam boards. If you’re looking for something specific, use ctrl + F to search for specific words from your exam board’s mark scheme.

Different schools and teachers explain how to analyse sources in different ways: ‘Content, Origin, Purpose’, ‘What? When? Who? Why?’, ‘Interpretation, Knowledge, Provenance’, etc. When I tutor, I always try to develop the approach that a student has been taught in school, so that we build on existing skills, rather than starting from scratch. When using this guide, try to do the same yourself, by working out how the skills below correspond to what your teacher asks you to do in lessons.

1. Use short quotations

This will help you achieve the following mark-scheme criteria:

AQA

–                      ‘Shows a very good understanding of all three sources in relation to both content and provenance’

–                      ‘present a balanced judgment…for the particular purpose given in the question

Edexcel

–                      ‘Interrogatesthe evidence of both sources with confidence and discrimination

OCR

–                      ‘a convincing, fully supported analysis of [the sources]’

Identify the particular part of the source which tells you something. A good historian can learn a lot from individual words. Avoid quotations that lift full sentences, like this one about the Emperor Charlemagne, who died in 814:

‘The source tells us that Charlemagne “will be remembered for the tempered severity with which he subdued the iron hearts of Franks and barbarians.” This suggests that Charlemagne’s greatest success was conquering other peoples.’

Instead, pick out particular words:

‘The reference to subduing “barbarians” suggests that Charlemagne’s greatest success was conquering other peoples.’

Not only is this more skilful, but it’s shorter, saving you precious time in the exam.

 

2. Make inferences

This will help you achieve the following mark-scheme criteria:

AQA

–                      ‘Shows a very good understanding of all three sources in relation to both content and provenance’

Edexcel

–                      ‘Interrogates the evidence of both sources with confidence and discrimination’

–                      ‘making reasoned inferences and showing a range of ways the material can be used’

OCR

–                       ‘engage with the sources’

–                      ‘convincing, fully supported analysis’

This means learning something beyond what is actually written or shown. Imagine your source is Magna Carta, an important document from the year 1215:

‘The source tells us that the king would no longer levy taxes without “the common counsel of our kingdom”.’

If you followed up like this, you aren’t doing any more than understanding the words in the source itself:

‘The source tells us that the king would no longer levy taxes without “the common counsel of our kingdom”. This means that the king was not going to take money unless his people advised him to do it.’

Instead, you need to learn something that was not written in the source. For example:

‘The source tells us that the king would no longer levy taxes without “the common counsel of our kingdom”. This suggests that there was anger at the taxation King John had levied, and this may have caused conflict between the king and his barons.’

The following sentence-starters may help to show that you are doing this:

  • This suggests that…
  • This implies/might imply that…
  • This gives the impression that…

 

3. Make sure your inferences are relevant to the question

This will help you achieve the following mark-scheme criteria:

AQA

–          ‘present a balanced argument on their value for the particular purpose given in the question

Edexcel

–                      ‘Interrogates the evidence of both sources with confidence and discrimination

OCR

–                      ‘The answer has a very good focus on the question throughout’

Your inference must be something related to the topic you are asked about. Imagine you are faced with a source produced by General Douglas MacArthur, an American general in the 1940s and 1950s, and have to answer this question:

‘With reference to these sources and your understanding of the historical context, assess the value of these three sources to an historian studying the consequences of Soviet expansion.’

The following statement would be irrelevant, as it is about the USSR’s aims, not the consequences of expansion:

‘General MacArthur’s reference to preventing “global conquest” implies that the USSR expanded in order to build an empire.’

As the question is about consequences, this would be better:

‘General MacArthur’s reference to preventing “global conquest” implies that Soviet expansion may have provoked a reaction from the USA.’

 

Summary

If you make sure that you have followed these tips, you are showing the examiner that you have a solid grasp of how to handle sources.

  • Use short quotations
  • Make inferences
  • Make sure your inferences are relevant to the question

In his next article, Andrew will set out how to go that bit further and achieve an A grade in the Source questions. 


A-LevelHistory


More about Andrew

Andrew qualified as a teacher in History in 2014, and now works as a tutor with Owl Tutors.

After studying History at the University of Cambridge, Andrew went on to achieve his PGCE and taught for five years at an outstanding state secondary school. In 2016, 83% of his GCSE students achieved A or A* grades. He is currently studying for an MA in Medieval History at King’s College London.


If you enjoyed this post, you may enjoy the following:

1. Stick to your word limit, its 2000 words for a reason. Also you do not want to be penalised for writing too much.

2. In your introduction really focus on the historic event you are assessing, make explicit reference to it, supporting with statistics or relevant historic policies.

3. Clearly concentrate on your coursework question, make clear in your introduction what the different interpretation`s views of this question are. Which ones you think are the most credible and why, support with historical evidence. Then make your judgment.

4. Remember at the end of the day your coursework is indeed similar to an AS History source exam. So structure it and think of it as an essay.

5. Some schools may have given you a structure for how to tackle the sources. If they have use it, it will assist the flow and structure of your essay. If they have not given you a structure, familiarize yourself with each of the interpretations. Additionally you might find it useful to start with the interpretations which support the question.

6. In your planning stages ensure you include all of the relevant quotes from whichever of the interpretations you are examining. You might find it useful to create a table for this.

7. Then you want to briefly examine or explain this quote in your own words and demonstrate how this supports the historian`s interpretation or view. Again you could include this in the table in a new column.

8. Next still using your table justify and support your analysis so far with relevant historical evidence to support the interpretation. This could be another column in your table.

9. Ensure you frequently refer to and demonstrate with quotes, explanation/analysis or historic evidence the historian`s credibility, persuasiveness or demonstrate the strength of their argument. Again use the terms "credibility", "credible argument", "credible", "supported" etc...

10. Introduce the next interpretation by noting how it is similar to the first. E.g. "Similarly" then follow the same format as before.

11. Then highlight the limitations or weaknesses of these interpretations by explaining what they have omitted or not examined.

12. Next demonstrate how the next interpretation differs from the previous interpretation, then follow the same format for this and your final interpretation.

13. Your conclusion should explain which two sources are the most credible and why, then answer the question

Best wishes with your coursework everyone.

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